The Casa de Oswaldo Cruz opened the doors of its Graduate Program in the Preservation and Management of Cultural Heritage in the Sciences and Health in 2016. Its Professional Master’s Degree program has been approved and recommended by the Brazilian Federal Agency for the Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES), which awarded it a grade of 4. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the program equips professionals with the skills needed to apply theoretical knowledge to the development of innovative methods and techniques used in managing the preservation and conservation of cultural heritage in the sciences and health.
Designed to stimulate interaction among different fields of study, the program trains outstanding professionals to approach cultural heritage with fresh insights. It encourages interdisciplinary discussions about the value of managing and preserving Brazil’s cultural heritage in health and the biomedical sciences. Part of this endeavor is to identify and analyze collections and their knowledge bases, creating new pathways in research and knowledge production. By affording an integrated, historically constructed vision of culture and stimulating group and individual interactions within the social process, interdisciplinarity guides students to make optimal use of methods, techniques, and practices in the preservation and management of heritage, whether in the form of records, architecture, or tangible and intangible heritage.
The program is tailored especially for individuals who hold degrees in the human sciences, applied social sciences, and health sciences and who are current or potential employees of federal, state, or municipal agencies; institutes or hospitals; and archives, museums, libraries, or documentation centers assigned to preserving cultural heritage in the realm of science and health. It is also directed at private, nongovernmental agencies that need to train their personnel to work in the production, preservation, and management of architectural assets and records collections.
Within its focus on the preservation and management of cultural heritage, the program explores two lines of research: Cultural Heritage: History, Memory, and Society; and Cultural Heritage: Preservation and Management.
It is a full-time course and offers fifteen openings per year.
Students who fulfill formal requirements receive a Master’s Degree in the Preservation and Management of Cultural Heritage in Science and Health.
Renato da Gama-Rosa Costa
Ana Luce Girão Soares de Lima
Aline Lopes de Lacerda
Laurinda Rosa Maciel
Sônia Aparecida Nogueira
Rosana Soares Zouain (student body representative)
The program collaborates with the Department of Applied Social Sciences at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, with which the Casa de Oswaldo Cruz has maintained an international cooperation agreement for five years through its graduate program in the History of the Sciences and Health. The purpose of this collaborative relationship is to develop a scientific and technical culture where students can acquire an active critical and reflective attitude about the role of science and technology in contemporary society, as part of the debate over the cultural heritage of science. It also provides students with a point of departure for coming to understand their working world, in both economic and organizational terms.
The program also has a partnership with the Universidade Católica Portuguesa at its Porto and Braga campuses. Important work is currently being carried out at the School of Art in Porto, particularly by its Department of Conservation and Restoration, which is noted for its emphasis on various aspects of heritage, such as the decorative arts, architecture, ethnography, and even archeology. Through this collaborative relationship, the program benefits from the Porto department’s valuable experience in the preventive conservation of immovable, integrated assets. Likewise vital is the application of microbiological research to studies and initiatives in the conservation of assets. This working relationship provides knowledge and experience not offered by other courses in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The partnership with the School of Arts especially helps broaden discussions in the field of Cultural Heritage: Preservation and Management.
The program maintains cooperative agreements with a number of teaching and research institutes based in Rio de Janeiro: the Botanic Gardens Foundation; Casa de Rui Barbosa Foundation; and National Arts Foundation (FUNARTE). Some of our guest professors and tenured faculty members come from these institutes. These longstanding collaborative relationships with the Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, as well as with its parent institute, Fiocruz, have already born fruit in the form of joint academic, technical, and artistic production. One example was the seminar “Documental Heritage in Perspective,” organized by the program and held on November 17, 2017, at the Fiocruz campus in Manguinhos. The event was part of the 7th Fluminense Heritage Week, coordinated by the Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, which brought together a number of institutions that hold and manage cultural heritage in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
In 2017, the program assumed management of Docomomo-Rio, a nongovernmental organization that registers and conserves buildings, farms, and surrounding areas that were erected from the 1930s through 1960s as part of Brazil’s modernist movement. In Rio de Janeiro, some major examples include projects by the Carioca School, such as work by Oscar Niemeyer, Affonso Eduardo Reidy, the Roberto Brothers, Burle Marx, Jorge Moreira, and Jorge Ferreira Sérgio Bernardes. At the 12th Docomomo Seminar of Brazil, held in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, in November 2017, the Docomomo-Rio de Janeiro steering committee was elected to coordinate the group’s national management for 2018-2019, a task previously based at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, in Recife. Consequently, since January 1, 2018, the program has been responsible for the National Coordination of Docomomo Brasil, working jointly with the Graduate Program in Urban Planning at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro’s School of Architecture and Urban Planning. This is expected to afford tighter ties with regional and international research groups, to the benefit of the master’s program, particularly by stimulating research in the area and therefore helping the course incorporate effective strategies in the preservation and safekeeping of modern buildings.
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